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How to Become an HR Professional in India: Skills, Scope and More

February 1st, 2024: 6 mins

This Article Explores: 

  • Introduction
  • Roles and Responsibilities of an HR Professional
  • Essential HR Manager Skills
  • Scope of HR Roles in India


Do you have a knack for understanding people and a passion for fostering positive workplace environments? If so, then a career in Human Resources might be the perfect fit for you!


At the core of every successful organization are its people. They are the heartbeat, the driving force, and the soul that collectively propels an organization forward. 


But how do enterprises find the most suitable candidates for their companies? This is where human resources expertise comes into play. 


Every organization has a dedicated team that comprises professionals entrusted with the responsibility of talent acquisition and handling the recruitment process. According to a recent survey, by the end of 2028, the employment of HR professionals is expected to grow by 7%, implying an immense potential for aspirants.


If you have ever considered stepping into the realm of HR in India, then this comprehensive guide is your compass. Let’s take a look at the essential skills, HR career scope, and steps to embark on a fulfilling journey toward becoming an HR professional in the vibrant and diverse landscape of India.


Roles and Responsibilities of an HR Professional


Before delving into the essential HR professional skills, let’s first understand what exactly an HR does.


The role of an HR professional is multifaceted, encompassing various responsibilities aimed at managing and optimizing the human capital within an organization. Here is a breakdown of the key roles and responsibilities of an HR professional:


  • Conducting interviews, evaluating candidates, and making hiring decisions. 
  • Facilitating the onboarding process for new employees
  • Mediating disputes and working towards resolutions that maintain a positive work environment.
  • Developing initiatives to enhance employee morale and engagement.
  • Identifying training needs and implementing training programs to enhance employee skills.
  • Deciding the salary, bonus and incentive of all employees.
  • Making official updates to workplace policies and recommending changes when they are no longer relevant to the company or its employees. 


Essential HR Manager Skills


Being a successful HR manager or HR professional requires a diverse skill set that goes beyond administrative tasks. Along with acquiring a relevant degree, strengthening these skill sets is essential to make a name in the world of HR. On that note, here are some essential HR manager skills.


  • Excellent Communication Abilities

In order to interact effectively with employees, address their concerns, and convey information clearly, HR professionals are required to possess excellent communication abilities. This includes both verbal and written communication, active listening, and empathy.


  • Decision-Making Skills

The role of an HR professional demands a lot of decision-making. For example, HR managers often handle sensitive information and make decisions that impact employees. Therefore, to succeed in these tasks, ethical decision-making is crucial, helping promote trust and integrity.


  • Technological Skills

With the advent of so many technological tools and platforms, HR professionals also need to adapt accordingly. From screening processes and tracking payroll to handling employee grievances and retaining good employees, HR managers have to deal with various crucial tasks. Technological skills in this aspect can help them to handle these responsibilities effectively and efficiently.


Apart from these, there are also many other essential HR manager skills. These include strategic thinking, negotiation skills, empathy, team collaboration, and more. Overall, these skills empower professionals to navigate challenges, foster positive workplace cultures, and contribute strategically to organizational success.


Scope of HR RolesIn India

You can explore a wide range of job roles in the vast and dynamic realm of Human Resources. A few examples of such HR career opportunities in India include,


  • HR Analyst


An HR Analyst is responsible for leveraging data and analytics to support strategic HR decision-making. In addition, they are also entrusted with a few other crucial tasks. Such include,


  • Analyzing current and future staffing needs based on business goals.
  • Evaluating recruitment metrics to assess the effectiveness of the hiring process.
  • Assessing performance management metrics, including individual and team performance data.


Average Salary

INR 6,51,528 per annum

Skills Required

  • Data Analysis
  • Attention to detail
  • Excellent communication abilities

  • HR Manager


As an HR manager, you will be required to handle all the people-related aspects of a business, ensuring that the organization has the right talent to achieve its goals. Some of the key responsibilities include,


  • Fostering positive relationships between the employees and the company.
  • Establishing performance standards, conducting regular performance reviews, and providing employee feedback.
  • Designing and managing compensation and benefit packages.


Average Salary

INR 10,00,000 per annum

Skills Required

  • Command of HR technology
  • Training and developmental skills
  • Strategic thinking abilities

  • Recruitment Manager


Recruitment managers play a crucial role in shaping the workforce and contributing to the overall success of a company. Some of their key responsibilities include,


  • Building and maintaining a talent pipeline.
  • Collaborating with hiring managers and department heads to understand staffing needs.
  • Managing the budget allocated to the recruitment function. 


Average Salary

INR 12,09,256 per annum

Skills Required

  • Strategic Planning
  • Leadership
  • Marketing skills



The future of HR careers in India is poised for significant growth and transformation. As the business landscape evolves and organizations recognize the importance of their human capital, HR resources expertise is becoming indispensable. Pursuing a career in this field is undoubtedly a rewarding journey that combines education, skills development, practical experience, and a commitment to ongoing learning.


Check out upGradDisha to find leading expertise in this competitive realm and fuel your HR career to reach new heights!